It looks like around 4.8 mio people or 10% of Tanzania’s population are living in Dar es Salaam metropolitan area. It is the economic and administrative hub of the country with a large harbor connecting to roads and rail leading out to the countryside. The airport connects to local and African destinations, plus to Amsterdam, Istanbul, Dubai and Abu Dhabi, some important international hubs. Dar has a problem with slums where many people live without running water or basic services. 70% of the city’s population is estimated to live in informal settlements, according to a World Bank estimate from 2002. Half of them live on less than $1 a day and are vulnerable to flooding and droughts. Dar is one of the world’s fastest growing cities, requiring circumspect city planning which is not happening fast enough.
- “Climate Change, Disaster Risk and the Urban Poor”, Case Study by the World Bank 2011
- “Large infrastructure backlog and insufficient resources to cope”, most recent Urban Masterplan 2010
- “Build satellite centers and chessboard roads”, urban planners with a vision for 2030